ISHMAEL


ISHMAEL
ISHMAEL, son of Nethaniah son of Elishama, one of the military commanders in the period after the destruction of the First Temple (II Kings 25:25; Jer. 41:1). Ishmael, a descendant of the Judahite royal family, assassinated gedaliah son of Ahikam (Jer. 40:13–14), who presided over the Judean puppet government set up by Nebuchadnezzar. It would appear that Ishmael's assassination of Gedaliah at Mizpah was both personally and politically motivated. Ishmael may have been jealous of Gedaliah, who had been appointed by the Babylonians as head of the remnant of the population in Judah, and therefore may have wished to kill him for that reason alone; but he could hardly have hoped that the Babylonians would reward him for the murder by appointing him in Gedaliah's stead. His only hope to gain a positive advantage lay in continued resistance to Babylon, which would, if successful, result in his succession to the throne of David. baalis , the king of Ammon, with whom Ishmael found refuge, apparently encouraged Ishmael, because Gedaliah was a collaborator whereas the Ammonites were in open revolt against Babylon (cf. Ezek. 21:24–27, and Zedekiah's attempt to flee across the Jordan, II Kings 25:4–5), and not, as some scholars maintain, because they hoped that after the murder of Gedaliah, the Babylonians would punish the Judahite remnant and attach what was left of the territory of Judah to Ammon. After killing Gedaliah (and 70 other Israelites who had later come to Mizpah to worship), Ishmael attempted the forcible transfer to Ammon of the remnants of the Judean population left at Mizpah (Jer. 41:2–10). However, this plan was frustrated by johanan son of Kareah and the military commanders with him. They met Ishmael and his captives at Gibeon and took them back to Mizpah; only Ishmael and eight of his men escaped to the Ammonite king (Jer. 41: 11–15). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Bright, Hist, 310; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 1 (19635), 55ff.; Ginsberg, in: A. Marx Jubilee Volume (1950), 366ff.; Yeivin, in: Tarbiz, 12 (1940/41), 261–2, 265–6; W. Rudolph, Jeremia (Ger., 1947), 685ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Cogan and H. Tadmor, II Kings (AB; 1988), 326–27. (Josef Segal)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ISHMAEL — (Heb. יִשְׁמָעֵאל; God hears, wordplays on the name occur in Gen. 16:11–12; 17:20; 21:13, 17), the first son of Abraham, born to him when he was 86 years old. Ishmael s mother was the Egyptian hagar , the maidservant of Sarah (Gen. 16). After… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ishmael — Autor Daniel Quinn Género Novela, Historia secreta Idioma Inglés T …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ishmael — ist der Name folgender Personen: Ishmael Beah (* 1980), sierra leonischer Autor Omari Ishmael Grandberry (* 1984; bekannt als: Omarion), US amerikanischer R B Sänger und Schauspieler Ishmael Miller (* 1987), englischer Fußballspieler Ishmael Noko …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ishmael — m Biblical name borne by Abraham s first son, the offspring of his barren wife s maidservant Hagar. It is composed of Hebrew elements meaning ‘to hearken’ and ‘God’; an angel told Hagar ‘Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and… …   First names dictionary

  • Ishmael — • Son of Abraham and Hagar Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ishmael — masc. proper name, biblical son of Abraham and Hagar, from Heb. Yishma el, lit. God hears, from yishma, imperf. of shama he heard. The Arabs claim descent from him. Figurative sense of an outcast, whose hand is against every man, and every man s… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ishmael — [ish′mā əl] n. [LL(Ec) Ismaël < Heb yishmāʼē l, lit., God hears] 1. the son of Abraham and Hagar: he and his mother were made outcasts: Gen. 21:9 21 2. an outcast …   English World dictionary

  • Ishmael — For other uses, see Ishmael (disambiguation). Ishmael A depiction of Hagar and Ishmael in the desert by François Joseph Navez Prophet, Patriarch, Father of the Arabs, Constructor of the Kaaba, Apostle to Arabi …   Wikipedia

  • Ishmael —    The son of Abraham and Hagar, the Egyptian maidservant of his wife Sarah (then known as Sarai). When Sarai stopped having children, she arranged to have a child with Abraham by Ha gar (Genesis 16:1 4). After the birth of Isaac, Hagar and… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Ishmael —    God hears.    1) Abraham s eldest son, by Hagar the concubine (Gen. 16:15; 17:23). He was born at Mamre, when Abraham was eighty six years of age, eleven years after his arrival in Canaan (16:3; 21:5). At the age of thirteen he was circumcised …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.